This article describes one of nine areas listed in Overview of Music Statistics: ABS, outlining the contribution of the Australian Bureau of Statistics to knowledge of the music sector.1


Public Funding of Music in Australia contains a comprehensive statistical review of government funding; an update of the article to 2009-10 is scheduled. The present section contains a brief introduction in the context of this overview. Table 1 shows statistics for 2009-10 for Australian Government and total State/Territory Government funding.

Among general recurrent (as distinct from capital) expenditure items related to music, music performance in 2009-10 was funded by $115 million, 56% from the Australian Government and 44% from States and Territories. Music theatre and opera attracted $44 million, divided almost equally between the two levels of government. Music composition and publishing were funded by a modest $2.6 million, of which more than three-quarters came from the central government.

Music in total received funding of $162 million, of which $88 million (55%) was from the Australian Government and the rest from States and Territories. Total funding for music exceeded the total funding of other performing arts ($155 million), for which 59% came from State and Territory governments. The States and Territories also provide all, or practically all, funding of performing arts venues (other than an unknown amount from local governments).

Total arts funding by the Australian Government in Table 1 excludes $1.3 billion of radio and television funding, for the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) and the Special Broadcasting Service (SBS). Both institutions are vitally important for the health of Australian music and other performing arts, through their own general funding and other arrangements. Apart from the ABC and SBS, total Australian Government funding of the arts amounted to $469 million in 2009-10, of which $152 million is shown as music and other performing arts in Table 1. State and Territory government funding of the arts totalled $689 million, including $214 million for venues and $165 million for performing arts.

Although the local government funding statistics have improved, they still contain less detail than for the two other levels of government. There are comparable indicators, however, covering total performing arts (Chart 1). In 2009-10, local government funding of performing arts amounted to $91 million (22% of the total for all three levels). This compared with $150 million from the Australian Government (37%) and $165 million from the States and Territories (41%).

Private Sector

The ABS provides no statistics for expenditure on culture by the private sector. The annual review forming the basis for this section (ABS Cat 4172.0) lists three sources which are discussed in Overview of Music Statistics: Other Sources: the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and the Arts (DEWHA), the Australia Business Arts Foundation (AbaF), and the Australian Major Performing Arts Group (AMPAG) 2010


Hans Hoegh-Guldberg. Entered 28 October 2011 as part of general ABS overview. Made into independent article 9 February 2012. Most recent update 14 February 2012.


  1. Referring to arts education, the explanatory notes to the ABS publication (Cat 4183.0), only funding by government arts portfolios is included, usually relating to major institutions specialising in education of a cultural nature such as the National Academy of Music. Cultural disciplines within educational institutions such as universities and tertiary colleges are largely funded by education portfolios and therefore generally excluded. Funding is also excluded for special libraries and libraries in higher education institutions and schools, and for cultural activities which are integral parts of larger entities (such as police and military bands).↩︎

Hans founded his own consulting firm, Economic Strategies Pty Ltd, in 1984, following 25 years with larger organisations. He specialised from the outset in applied cultural economics — one of his first major projects was The Australian Music Industry for the Music Board of the Australia Council (published in 1987), which also marks his first connection with Richard Letts who was the Director of the Music Board in the mid-1980s. Hans first assisted the Music Council of Australia in 2000 and between 2006 and 2008 proposed and developed the Knowledge Base, returning in an active capacity as its editor in 2011. In November 2013 the Knowledge Base was transferred to The Music Trust, with MCA's full cooperation.

Between 2000 and 2010 Hans also authored or co-authored several major domestic and international climate change projects, using scenario planning techniques to develop alternative long-term futures. He has for several years been exploring the similarities between the economics of cultural and ecological change, and their continued lack of political clout which is to a large extent due to conventional GDP data being unable to measure the true value of our cultural and environmental capital. This was announced as a major scenario-planning project for The Music Trust in March 2014 (articles of particular relevance to the project are marked *, below).

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